|Schemes : Centrally Sponsored Schemes : Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC)|
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The Government of India have restructured the Comprehensive Rural Sanitation Programme with effect from 1.4.1999 and launched the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC). The main objectives of the TSC are to bring about an improvement in the general quality of life in the rural areas and to accelerate sanitation coverage in rural areas to access to toilets to all by 2012 by motivating communities and Panchayati Raj Institutions in promoting sustainable sanitation facilities through awareness creation and health education
Individual Household Latrines, School Toilets, Anganwaadi Toilets, Sanitary Complexes and Rural Sanitary Marts are taken up under the scheme.
Women Sanitary Complex, Kadavakudi Panchayat, Pudukkottai District
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The project envisages a demand-driven approach with increased stress on awareness building and meeting the demand with alternate delivery mechanisms. With effect from 1.4.2006, the sharing pattern between the Centre and the State for school, Anganwadi and sanitary complex, the Government of India in their letter no. W.11037/6/2005 - CRSP dt. 23.12.2008 have increased the unit cost of IHHL (BPL) from Rs.1,500 to Rs.2,500 and the sharing pattern for IHHL w.e.f. 1.08.2008 is as given below
The unit cost for different types of toilets is as follows:
The allocation of funds for TSC is :
The physical and financial performance of the State under TSC as on 31.03.2011 are as follows:
Funds received so far are :Rs.638.07 crore (GoI: Rs.401.22 crores; GoTN: Rs.197.22 crores;and beneficiaries:Rs.113.24 crores)
The maintenance of sanitation and hygiene in the villages are the mandatory duties of Village Panchayats as envisaged under Sec.110 (d) of the Tamil Nadu Panchayats Act, 1994. The disposal of solid waste and sewage water is becoming a major problem for many Village Panchayats especially those situated in the vicinity of the Corporation and bigger Municipalities and individual Village Panchayats may not be a viable unit for contracting out solid waste management and sewage disposal. Hence it is proposed to group several suburban Village Panchayats into clusters so as to form a viable unit for contracting out or allow Village Panchayats to enter into partnership with the neighboring Corporations or Municipalities in this regard.
It is proposed to launch a State level Multi-Media campaign this year in order to change the mind-set of the rural public regarding sanitation practices and generate demand for individual household toilets.
To give a fillip to the Total Sanitation Campaign, the Government of India launched an incentive scheme from June 2003 in the form of an award for total sanitation coverage, maintenance of clean environment and open defecation-free Village Panchayats, Blocks and Districts called 'Nirmal Gram Puraskar' as may be seen in Table 1.7.
For the year 2006-2007, 296 Village Panchayats have been awarded Nirmal Gram Puraskar. For the year 2007-08, 1474 Village Panchayats and 5 Block Panchayats and have been awarded Nirmal Gram Puraskars. For the year 2008-2009, 196 Village Panchayats have been awarded Nirmal Gram Puraskar. For 2009 – 10, 237 Village Panchayats have obtained NGP Award. Among them 18 Village Panchayat Presidents have been honoured by the President at India on 23.03.2011 in New Delhi.