Schemes : Centrally Sponsored Schemes : Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme - Tamil Nadu
2.3 Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme - Tamil Nadu
The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act was enacted in September 2005. The National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme was launched on 02.02.2006 and was initially implemented in six districts, viz., Cuddalore, Dindigul, Nagapattinam, Sivagangai, Tiruvannamalai and Villupuram from 02.02.2006 onwards and in four more districts viz. Thanjavur, Tiruvarur, Tirunelveli and Karur from 01.04.2007 onwards. From 01.04.2008 onwards, the scheme was extended to the remaining twenty districts of the State which are; 1. Ariyalur, 2. Dharmapuri, 3. Perambalur, 4. Pudukottai, 5. Ramanathapuram, 6. Namakkal, 7. Vellore, 8. Thoothu kudi, 9. Virudhunar 10. Salem, 11.Erode, 12. Tiruchirapalli, 13. Kancheepuram 14. Theni, 15. Tiruvallur, 16. Madurai, 17. Nilgiris, 18. Kanniyakumari, 19. Coimbatore and 20. Krishnagiri and 21. Tiruppur.

Desilting of Supply Channel, Chokalingaputhur Panchayat, Sivaganga District



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2.3.1 Objectives of the Scheme

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 (MGNREGA) guarantees 100 days of employment in a financial year to any rural household whose adult members are willing to do unskilled manual work. This Act is an important step towards the realization of the right to work. It is also expected to enhance people’s livelihoods on a sustained basis, by developing the economic and social infrastructure in rural areas. The Village Panchayat will issue job cards to every registered individual. Payment of the statutory minimum wage and equal wages for men and women are the notable features of the scheme.
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme - TN under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act was formulated in G.O M.S No. 89, RD & PR (CGS1) dt 2.8.2006 and published in Tamil Nadu Governement Gazette Extraordinary No.181 dt 2.8.2006.

2.3.2 Funding Pattern

The cost of the scheme is shared between the Centre and the State in the ratio of 90:10. The Central Government will bear the following costs:

a) The entire cost of wages for unskilled manual workers.

b)75 percent of the cost of material and wages for skilled and semi-skilled workers.

c) Administrative expenses, which will include, inter alia, the salary and allowances of Programme Officers and their support staff and work site facilities.

d) Administrative expenses of the Central Employment guarantee Council.

The State Government will bear the following costs:

a) 25 percent of the cost of material and wages for skilled and semi-skilled workers.

b) Unemployment allowance payable in case the State Government cannot provide wage employment within 15 days of application.

c) Administrative expenses of the State Employment Guarantee Council.

2.3.3 Priority of works

Taking into account the field conditions in Tamil Nadu, the works are being taken up in Tamil Nadu in the following priority:
a) Formation of new ponds.
b) Renovation of existing Ponds, Kuttais, Kulams, Ooranies, Temple tanks etc.
c) Desilting of channels.
d) Desilting and strengthening of bunds of irrigation tanks.
e) Formation of new roads.
f) Other water conservation/soil conservation measures/flood protection measures.

2.3.4 Special steps taken to ensure successful implementation of NREGS

On assumption of office in the month of May 2006, this Government noticed that the scheme had not taken off properly. This was evident from the fact that the expenditure made up to 31.03.2006 was only Rs. 3 crores and that works had been taken up only in 924 Village Panchayats out of a total of 3,830 Village Panchayats in the six Districts.

This Government was quick to identify the issues and bottlenecks that were responsible for the poor progress in the implementation of the programme and came out with a series of initiatives to address those issues and to remove the implementation bottlenecks.

As a result of the concerted efforts taken by this Government, a sum of Rs.5,241.21 crores has been utilized and over 69.250 crores man days of employment have been generated up to 31.01.2011. About 82% of the work force comprises women and 56% are Scheduled Castes. A notable feature of the scheme is that it has had a buoyant effect on rural wages.

District-wise progress from the inception  of  02.02.2006 to 31.01.2011 is as follows:

Table 2.3.1
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme Tamil Nadu
Financial & Physical Progress (upto 31.03.2011)

Sl.
No.

District

Cumulative Expenditure
(Rs. in crores)

Mandays Generated
(in crores)

No.of works Completed

PHASE I

1

Cuddaore

435.180

5.000

6825

2

Villupuram

689.280

10.000

9674

3

Tiruvannamalai

439.250

5.700

9591

4

Nagapattinam

278.830

3.700

3556

5

Sivagangai

263.650

3.600

2604

6

Dindigul

295.550

3.300

6288

PHASE II

7

Thanjavur

111.230

1.100

2316

8

Tirunelveli

197.690

2.500

3355

9

Tiruvarur

148.380

17.200

1708

10

Karur

67.570

0.900

929

PHASE III

11

Kancheepuram

236.280

3.200

3322

12

Thiruvallur

194.810

2.100

2098

13

Vellore

242.010

3.100

2760

14

Salem

212.510

2.700

1630

15

Namakkal

86.130

1.000

675

16

Dharmapuri

92.170

1.100

1222

17

Krishnagiri

125.850

1.600

904

18

Erode

88.200

0.900

1749

19

Coimbatore

113.610

105.500

1132

20

The Nilgiris

8.220

0.100

147

21

Tiruchy

165.230

2.200

2352

22

Perambalur

48.920

0.600

855

23

Ariyalur

90.990

1.900

1994

24

Pudukottai

197.210

2.800

4029

25

Madurai

167.310

2.400

1391

26

Theni

44.550

0.600

782

27

Ramnad

146.360

2.000

1499

28

Virudhunagar

136.450

1.700

2698

29

Thoothukudi

93.090

1.300

1607

30

Kanniyakumari

33.820

0.300

398

31

Tiruppur

102.670

1.000

2310

Total

5553.000

191.100

82400

The following special steps were initiated to streamline and expedite the implementation of the scheme:

1. The minimum wage under NREGS has been raised from Rs.80/- to Rs.100/- vide G.O.No.146, Rural Development and Panchayat Raj (CGS-1) Department, with effect from 01.01.2010. Every year a separate Rural Schedule of Rates is approved exclusively for this scheme to remove the major hurdle in getting the statutory minimum wage for eight hours of prescribed work. For 2009-10, the RSR have been issued by allowing 100% increase to the works other than single clearance and 150% increase to the single clearance works order and above the PWD Schedule of Rates.

2. A minimum of 30% registrations has been insisted upon in each Village Panchayat. The average percentage of registration in the Phase-I & II districts is over 70%. In the Phase-III districts, the average registration has crossed 75%, which indicates that there is widespread awareness about the scheme.

3. The existing formats of Job Cards and Nominal Muster Rolls have been revised to make these documents more transparent informative and difficult to manipulate in the process of scheme implementation.

4. Since  the scheme requires intensive touring, the Government have sanctioned additional fuel of 50 litres per month for each of the vehicles in the Panchayat Unions. The Government have also sanctioned additional fuel of 75 litres for the vehicles of the Assistant Executive Engineers (RD) vide G.O.Ms.No.27 RD&PR (CGS-I) Department, dated 20.02.2008.

5. Makkal Nala Paniyalars (MNPs) have also been made responsible for the implementation of the scheme at the field level.

6. Additional ministerial, technical and computer staff have been sanctioned at District, Division, Block and Village levels in order to ensure proper implementation and close supervision of the scheme. Due to the extension of this scheme to the remaining 20 districts of Tamil Nadu with effect from 1.4.2008, the Government has sanctioned additional administrative staff, additional fuel for block vehicles for 20 Phase - III National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme districts vide G.O. Ms. No. 27, RD & PR (CGS-1) Department, dated 20.2.2008,G.O.Ms.No.84, RD & PR (CGS-1) Department, dated 4.8.2009, G.O.Ms.No.69, RD & PR (CGS-1) Department, dated 4.6.2010.  Additional fuel of Assistant Executive Engineers – 75 litres , Both Block Development Officers – 50 litres each has been sanctioned vide G.O.(D)No.26, RD & PR (CGS.1) Department, dt.19.1.2010.

7. Only 100% labour intensive works have been taken up in order to prevent the entry of contractors who are strictly banned as per the NREG Act.
8. Only bigger works not less than Rs. 3 lakhs in value have been taken up in order to ensure that i) adequate numbers of workers get sustained employment at a work site for at least 30 days, ii) the assets created are visible, durable and genuinely beneficial to the community, iii) resources are not wasted by being spread too thinly, iv) the works are monitored closely and leakages are minimised.

9. In order to ensure greater transparency and fair play, it has been ordered to disburse the wages to the workers in the presence of at least four members of the following committee:

a) President of the Village Panchayat.

b) Vice–President of the Village Panchayat

c) Ward Member of the area where the work is executed

d) An SC/ST Ward Member, if none of the persons in Sl. Nos. 1, 2 and 3 belongs to SC/ST Community.

e) Two animators of graded Self Help Groups.

f) A representative of the Panchayat Level federation.

10. A 25-member Tamil Nadu State Employment Guarantee council has been constituted vide the G.O Ms No. 117, RD & PR (CGS-I) Department, dated 14.09.2006 to monitor and review the implementation of the scheme.  Subsequently, The non-official members of the council have been changed as and when necessary. A G.O. vide the G.O.Ms No.51, RD&PR (CGS-I) Department, dated 18.06.2009 has been issued communicating the members of the present State Employment Guarantee Scheme. The first, second, third, fourth, fifth and sixth meetings of this council were held on 25.11.2006, 11.06.2007, 03.03.2008, 08.08.2008 16.9.2009, and 09.04.2010 respectively.

11. In order to ensure efficient monitoring of the scheme through Management Information System (MIS), three computers and a printer have been sanctioned to each of the 385 block offices of Phase-I, II and III NREGS districts. In 2008-09, computers, printers and computer room facilities have also been provided for the block offices of all districts, besides an exclusive telephone and a fax machine.

12. In order to ensure a total transparency in the implementation of the Scheme, the Government ordered for the conduct of Social Audit of the Scheme by the Social Audit team exclusively established including 6 MGNREGS workers representing various sections of the society in all Village Panchayats of NREGS districts along with the conduct of Grama Sabha meeting on 15th August, 1st May,  2nd October and 26th January in 2011-12. Likewise, the conduct of Social Audit of the scheme will be conducted along with Grama Sabha meetings in the year 2008-09 also.

13. A Toll free helpline “1299” has been established in all DRDAs to redress the grievances of NREGS workers.


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